This research project aims to better understand and describe
the technical, jurisdictional, institutional, legal and land policy
perspective surrounding the two foundation datasets (cadastral
and topographic) in a National SDI. The research will investigate
the justification for integrating these two forms of spatial data
in support of sustainable development and develop a model and
framework capable of being used in diverse jurisdictions.
The proposal has four main aims:
1. Investigate the problems and issues in integrating
data in National SDIs within Australia and related International
case study countries, through an analysis of:
a) History of integration of built and natural datsets and
related National SDI initiatives.
b) Capacity for and policies relating to data integration
of cadastral and topographic datasets.
c) Institutional support for and barriers against data integration
of cadastral and topographic datasets.
2 Develop a framework, data model and associated tools
for the integration of built and natural environmental datasets
at a national level, within National SDI initiatives.
a ) Investigate interoperability issues of national topographic
datasets and state/territory cadastral (and other relevant)
datasets and develop a methodology to prioritise SDI datasets.
b ) Develop a justification and strategy to integrate these
datasets in support of sustainable development.
3 Identify the benefits of the integration framework model
for Australia and developed and transitional countries in the
Asia-Pacific region, with reference to case study countries.
4 Undertake a publication strategy.
The research will develop a framework for data integration and
national implementation of SDI capable of servicing needs of both
developed and transitional countries. The framework models, technologies
and strategies used for collection, manipulation and access of
data will all constitute significant outputs. Increasingly, cadastres
and SDIs use the latest information and communications technology
(ICT). Simultaneously with improvements in access technology,
the project will deliver improved functionality and usability
of spatial data particularly in situations of growing need for
integrated data: for instance, risk management (fire and flood),
coastal management, tree cover, land degradation and salinity,
water, improved land use planning, heritage protection and native
The technical, institutional and policy issues concerned with
integrating framework datasets are recognised internationally
as a major priority by UN conferences in Asia-Pacific and the
Americas [Resolution 5, 6th UN-Regional Cartographic Conference
for the Americas, New York 1997 (E/CONF.90/3); Resolution 5, 7th
UN-Regional Cartographic Conference for the Americas, New York
2001 (E/CONF.93/3)]. For example, Resolution 15 adopted by the
14th UN Regional Cartographic Conference for Asia-Pacific (UNRCC-AP)
calls for an investigation into “issues, problems and solutions
concerned with integrating digital cadastral mapping with large-scale
topographic mapping within the context of a wider national spatial
data infrastructure” (14th UNRCC-AP, 1997). An approved
strategy for this investigation requires exploration and justification
of associated conceptual, institutional and technical issues (16th
Use of integrated cadastral and topographic data to deliver
sustainable development objectives was identified in the UN Bogor
Declaration on Cadastral reform- section 4.7 (FIG, 1996) and the
UN Bathurst Declaration on Land Administration for Sustainable
Development (FIG, 1999). These declarations also highlight the
need for sharing of integrated data among nations, particularly
to address common ecological problems.
The project builds on international and regional collaboration
within the Asia-Pacific region through a partnership with Working
Group 3 (Cadastre) of the Permanent Committee on GIS Infrastructure
for Asia and the Pacific (PCGIAP). This committee brings together
55 developed and developing countries, forming the basis for the
development of case studies. The regional context will provide
Australian industry with detailed insights into the strengths,
weaknesses and opportunities in spatial information and particularly
cadastral and topographic mapping. The project will also establish
a wider network of government officials, private sector practitioners
and academics in the region strengthening Australia’s competitiveness.
Further outcomes include a solid technical foundation for data
sharing and a strategic policy position upon which sustainable
development initiatives can be based.
Last modified: 09-November-06
Maintained by: Andrew Binns
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