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Research Aims


Aims
Research Significance


Aims

This research project aims to better understand and describe the technical, jurisdictional, institutional, legal and land policy perspective surrounding the two foundation datasets (cadastral and topographic) in a National SDI. The research will investigate the justification for integrating these two forms of spatial data in support of sustainable development and develop a model and framework capable of being used in diverse jurisdictions.

The proposal has four main aims:


1. Investigate the problems and issues in integrating data in National SDIs within Australia and related International case study countries, through an analysis of:

a) History of integration of built and natural datsets and related National SDI initiatives.
b) Capacity for and policies relating to data integration of cadastral and topographic datasets.
c) Institutional support for and barriers against data integration of cadastral and topographic datasets.


2 Develop a framework, data model and associated tools for the integration of built and natural environmental datasets at a national level, within National SDI initiatives.

a ) Investigate interoperability issues of national topographic datasets and state/territory cadastral (and other relevant) datasets and develop a methodology to prioritise SDI datasets.
b ) Develop a justification and strategy to integrate these datasets in support of sustainable development.


3 Identify the benefits of the integration framework model for Australia and developed and transitional countries in the Asia-Pacific region, with reference to case study countries.
4 Undertake a publication strategy.

Research Significance

The research will develop a framework for data integration and national implementation of SDI capable of servicing needs of both developed and transitional countries. The framework models, technologies and strategies used for collection, manipulation and access of data will all constitute significant outputs. Increasingly, cadastres and SDIs use the latest information and communications technology (ICT). Simultaneously with improvements in access technology, the project will deliver improved functionality and usability of spatial data particularly in situations of growing need for integrated data: for instance, risk management (fire and flood), coastal management, tree cover, land degradation and salinity, water, improved land use planning, heritage protection and native title management.

The technical, institutional and policy issues concerned with integrating framework datasets are recognised internationally as a major priority by UN conferences in Asia-Pacific and the Americas [Resolution 5, 6th UN-Regional Cartographic Conference for the Americas, New York 1997 (E/CONF.90/3); Resolution 5, 7th UN-Regional Cartographic Conference for the Americas, New York 2001 (E/CONF.93/3)]. For example, Resolution 15 adopted by the 14th UN Regional Cartographic Conference for Asia-Pacific (UNRCC-AP) calls for an investigation into “issues, problems and solutions concerned with integrating digital cadastral mapping with large-scale topographic mapping within the context of a wider national spatial data infrastructure” (14th UNRCC-AP, 1997). An approved strategy for this investigation requires exploration and justification of associated conceptual, institutional and technical issues (16th UNRCC-AP, 2003).

Use of integrated cadastral and topographic data to deliver sustainable development objectives was identified in the UN Bogor Declaration on Cadastral reform- section 4.7 (FIG, 1996) and the UN Bathurst Declaration on Land Administration for Sustainable Development (FIG, 1999). These declarations also highlight the need for sharing of integrated data among nations, particularly to address common ecological problems.

The project builds on international and regional collaboration within the Asia-Pacific region through a partnership with Working Group 3 (Cadastre) of the Permanent Committee on GIS Infrastructure for Asia and the Pacific (PCGIAP). This committee brings together 55 developed and developing countries, forming the basis for the development of case studies. The regional context will provide Australian industry with detailed insights into the strengths, weaknesses and opportunities in spatial information and particularly cadastral and topographic mapping. The project will also establish a wider network of government officials, private sector practitioners and academics in the region strengthening Australia’s competitiveness.
Further outcomes include a solid technical foundation for data sharing and a strategic policy position upon which sustainable development initiatives can be based.



Last modified: 09-November-06
Maintained by: Andrew Binns


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